The name Montepulciano means a black-graped vine variety widespread particularly in the central Italy. It's the fourth among the most cultivated vine varieties in Italy. It's one of the most important vine variety together with Sangiovese in this Italian area.
It is most widely planted in Abruzzi but is common in central and southern Italy.
It may also be called Violone, Cordisco, Uva Abruzzese, Primaticcio, Morellone
Bunch features: medium-sized, either cone or cylinder-shaped or both, with one or two wings, medium-compacted
Grape: medium-sized, ovoid-shaped, with peel covered with abundant bloom, thick and consistent, black and purple-coloured
Leaf: medium-sized, five-pointed.
Sensory profile of the wine producted with Montepulciano vine.
Montepulciano vine produces full-bodied but elegant and agreeably scented wines.
Colour: ruby red
Aroma: fruity with hint of cherry, nutmeg, cinnamon and lightly toasted almond.
Taste: nice tannin structure.
The first report of Montepulciano vine variety belongs to 1793 when Michele Torcia wrote a book called "Saggio Itinerario Nazionale pel Paese dei Peligni" (in English: National Itinerary in the Peligni Country). Paese dei Peligni was a geographical area included in Abruzzi. The year before he travelled throughout this area and tasted the wine made with Montepulciano vine and producted in Sulmona. It is unknown how the vine arrived at Sulmona. Professor Franco Cercone speculated about its probable origin from Prugnolo, a vine of Montepulciano municipality in Tuscany. When the vine was brought to Abruzzi its name was changed into Montepulciano according to the habit to name wines and vines after their place of origin.
In any way Montepulciano vine grew in perfect isolation in the Conca Peligna (area of Abruzzo), where it evolved and became a grape with unique characteristics and personality. So nowadays it is considered a native vine of Abruzzo.
Da questo vitigno non si ottiene il Vino Nobile di Montepulciano che è invece un vino toscano ottenuto dal vitigno prugnolo.